Container Cargo Business: Railways may lose competitive edge


Railways will seek a reversal in the GST rate fixed on movement of container as the GST regime will impose a 12 per cent tax on container cargo moved by the railways whereas the same container moved by road will attract only 5 per cent GST.

In the existing tax ecosystem, the tax burden on the client in road sector is 4.2 per cent, which will rise to 5 per cent post GST — a marginal rise. For railways, the same will shoot up from the current 5.6 per cent to 12 per cent. As per calculations of the ministry, Concor alone is slated to lose out between 30 and 60 per cent of its business eventually if the proposed rates prevail. The size of its business might also shrink, sources said.

Railways has pinned hopes on the container cargo business for future expansion of its footprints in white goods sectors. The new GST rate threatens to upset those plans, source said. Railways has given licenses to 17 container operators, known as intermodal service providers to own the container trains (rakes), which are just hauled by an engine on tracks owned by Railways for which the transporter charges a fee. As per calculations, the sector’s around Rs 10,000 crore annual business will attract a GST liability of Rs 1,200 crore as opposed to Rs 560 crore now, making it a less attractive choice.

In the GST council, the Financial Commissioner of the Railway Board had represented the Railways. Sources in the railway ministry say that on this particular front, it appears that the sector was not represented adequately.

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